Landscape design

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component Japanese gardening uses plants including trees, shrubs, rocks, sand, artificial hills, ponds, and flowing water as art forms in an effort to create a landscape that as closely resembles nature as possible.

Ideas of Japanese garden beauty and components The article will discuss how you can create a Japanese-style garden in your own backyard, which thematic concept is best used for this, and what principles to rely on when implementing the chosen stylistic direction. The photo selection will clearly illustrate the main points, the video will reveal the secrets of creating individual elements of oriental landscape design.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Zen and Shinto traditions are both important in Japanese gardening, and as a result, the gardens have a contemplative and reflective atmosphere. Japanese gardening is very different from Western gardening, and many people believe it is far more meditational and soul-soothing.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component three basic methods for creating scenery in Japanese gardening. The first is a smaller scale. Reduced scale is the art of reproducing an actual scene from nature, including mountains, rivers, and trees, on a smaller scale. Generalization and abstraction are involved in symbolization.

One example would be to use white sand to represent the ocean. Borrowed views are artists who use something like an ocean or a forest as a background but end up making it an important part of the scene.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Tsukiyama, which is a hill garden made up primarily of hills and ponds, is one type of Japanese gardening. Hiraniwa, on the other hand, is the polar opposite of Tsukiyama: a flat garden with no hills or ponds.

A Japanese Garden’s Elements

Rocks, gravel, water, moss, stones, fences, and hedges are the basic elements used in Japanese gardening. Rocks are frequently used as centerpieces and add a spiritual presence to the garden.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Rocks, according to Shinto tradition, represent the spirits of nature. Gravel is used as a defining surface and, when properly arranged, can imitate the flow of water. Stones are used to forming a boundary and are sculpted into lantern shapes. A Japanese garden must include water, whether in the form of a pond, stream, or waterfall. It can take the physical form of water or be represented by gravel, but water is essential to the balance of a Japanese garden.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Bonsai

There are several forms and types of plants that are distinctive of Japanese gardening, the most prominent of which is Bonsai. Bonsai is the art of training common, everyday plants like Pine, Cypress, Holly, Cedar, Cherry, Maple, and Beech to resemble large, old trees in miniature form. These trees range in size from five centimeters to one meter and are kept small by pruning, re-potting, growth pinching, and branch wiring.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

A little history

The goal of any landscape design direction is to combine human influence and the riot of natural elements as skillfully and naturally as possible. The garden, decorated in the traditions of the Land of the Rising Sun, best exemplifies this harmony. The principles of its creation have been refined over centuries, so today there is a body of knowledge that modern designers use as a foundation to create magnificent man-made parks.

The word “garden” first appeared in Japanese manuscripts in the eighth century AD. Initially, it was used to designate a separate space that did not have any artificial fences. Objects began to appear inside it, allowing a person to move around and admire nature’s beauty. These were stone paths with small architectural forms made of them that serve as rest areas.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

They received services that monitored cleanliness. They gradually began to improve the objects entrusted to them. Science and painting flourished during Heian’s reign. It became so popular that gardeners attempted to paint pictures with plants. They created such magnificent masterpieces that they were universally admired. During the Yamato-e school’s heyday, this concept of Japanese garden landscape design dominated. When the samurai took over, pomp and excess decorativeness gave way to monochrome and brevity. The “dry” landscape era has arrived. Her concept defined the fundamental principles of modern direction.

Rules for creating a style

  • Japanese park complexes are based on three main postulates:
  • A must-have combination of stone and water – masculine and feminine symbols.
  • The main zoning is asymmetric, with an emphasis on one aspect of the design.
  • Natural plants and traditional decorative designs are used in the area.
Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

If you want to create a Japanese-style country garden, you must use additional structures such as open areas that are restrained but very harmoniously combined with each other’s colors and shades.

Different types of concepts

Today, four topics can serve as the foundation for the design of the infield:

  • Tsubo.
  • Garden made of rocks.
  • A forest garden.
  • The tea garden.

Tsubo

Tsubo is a direction that developed as part of the early Middle Ages’ urban structure. The word “tsubo” means a small plot of land measuring 3.3 square meters in Japanese. A garden like this was designed in tiny courtyards under the open sky and even inside separate rooms. When it was built, the gardener had only one goal in mind: to bring light and nature into a small corner of the city.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Plants that could feel good in the restricted Spartan conditions were chosen to achieve this goal. Because grass and sun-loving flowers do not grow well in such a garden, fluffy moss has taken its place. The entire earth’s perimeter was covered with stone boulders, with a small patch left in the center of the stone composition for plantings. On it, shrubs in the style of the building were planted. Artificial lighting, stylized lamps, and a gallery of mirrors compensate for the lack of natural light. They will be the finishing touch, visually increasing the amount of space.

Creating such a Japanese-style garden in the country is easier than simple: you need to make paths of stones, hang a large Tsukubai lantern, and harmoniously distribute greenery between them.

Rock Garden

It is an entirely Japanese philosophical product. He is a modern interpretation of an ancient motif that represents the eternal quest for immortality. Although such teachings are rarely preached today, the concept itself is very popular among followers of strict minimalism.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Stones have never been used as a building material by the Japanese. They acted as go-betweens between man and God. They were worshipped, and the people of the Land of the Rising Sun still talk to them, share their experiences, and seek their assistance. As a result, stones are objects of worship and admiration in Japanese landscape design.

The method of placing boulders has echoes of the cult attitude. The stones appear to be placed randomly at first glance, but there is a strict principle that must be followed when creating a replica.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

The largest boulder should be placed in the center of the site. He represents the distant peak of Mount Horai. You must create a composition of three boulders on a small hill or near a reservoir. They represent Mount Xiumsi. Crane and turtle islands – figures in the shape of these fauna representatives are laid out with the help of stones. A primary task is to select the appropriate stones. You’ll have to spend some time looking for the right material because each boulder should help form a turtle shell or crane wings. As a result, experts advise against purchasing large quantities from a single source. It is preferable to look for them near river reservoirs or ruins.

Creation technique

To achieve these objectives, not only stones of the proper shape are required, but also other materials such as gravel, large river pebbles, and geotextiles. Experts advise purchasing low-growing plants (thyme, saxifrage, heather) and evergreen shrubs (boxwood, Pieris, camellia) ahead of time for planting. If such plants do not exist in the given area, they can be replaced with evergreen rhododendrons or Kamchatka. You’ll need a shovel, a rake, a crowbar, and a knife to get started.

First, you must locate a suitable location for a rock garden. It should be visible from the house’s main entrance. The chosen site is pre-leveled, and the top layer of the earth is removed to the depth of the gravel backfill. Geotextile is laid on the prepared pit’s bottom. He won’t let weeds grow through the stone pillow.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

The geotextile is covered with a layer of gravel. A rake is used to level it. It is preferable to purchase fine-grained crumbly material to achieve a unique aesthetic effect. We placed the tallest boulder in the center of the site. To the left of it is a stone composition resembling a crane, and to the right is a turtle. The plants planted in the garden’s background should serve as a connecting element.

It is worthwhile to select and lay one large flat stone for a turtle shell. It should be nearly square in shape. For the best effect, it should be placed on a small hill. It can be created by thickening the gravel layer. The head must then be installed. It is best suited to an oblong stone with a slight incline. It should have the shape of a reptile’s face, slightly raised up. Foot-friendly stones have lateral inclined surfaces. When putting them in, move the stones slightly away from the shell. For the tail, a smaller boulder is chosen.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

When large boulders are used, the method of creating a garden changes slightly. The stones are first installed and dug into the ground, then a geotextile is laid between them, and finally, a gravel filling is created. Plants are used to conceal flaws and chips. Japanese grass is best suited for these purposes in landscape design, and it is used sparingly. It has soft, long leaves with a linear shape similar to bamboo stalks. It develops into a fluffy ball as it grows.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

It is no taller than 50 cm. The grass grows slowly and sends out shoots that take root on their own. Hakonehloa trees only grow in one direction. As a result, a green cascade forms. It complements other types of Japanese gardens. You must ensure that the grass does not grow when planting such a plant in Kameny.

Garden of Trees

Such an object is more familiar to Europeans’ understanding. It is built around an open area where a stream flows. Along the banks, many green plants have been planted. Evergreen and deciduous trees thrive in shady areas. Smoothly trimmed boxwood or dogwood bushes successfully complement them. They perfectly conceal garbage cans, fences, and unsightly walls of outbuildings on the property.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Japanese Garden Ideas decorative elements in the tree garden receive a lot of attention. They’re in abundance here. They come in the form of fences, gates, bridges, and lanterns. If the fence is used within the park, it is light and airy, made primarily of bamboo or a picket fence. Stones are used to build monumental external fences. Tiles were also used to decorate.

Experts advise Ying Yang-Yin’s theory as the foundation for the overall design of such a garden. It enables you to compose harmoniously. In their center, an artificial reservoir may appear.

From there, it is simple to alternate planes and plant masses, combine smooth coastlines and steep cliffs of hills and mountains, plant small plants next to large plants, and create a balance of contrasts in everything. Then everything will fall into place quite naturally.

Tea Garden

Designers have one goal in mind when creating it: to create an atmosphere of complete peace in which you can admire nature and enjoy its tranquillity. On a small plot, a mountainous terrain is formed. In Japan, sages and philosophers usually settled there. A gazebo for a tea ceremony should be located in the depths of such a garden. It is known as “Tyasitsu” in the Land of the Rising Sun. Its appearance should be similar to that of the sages’ dwelling. They preferred to live in a strict ascetic environment. It is believed that she is capable of providing a person with the opportunity to tune in to the contemplation of nature’s beauties.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

The tea garden is decorated in a very simple manner. Everything should have the appearance of untouched mountainous landscapes. Lanterns with soft light are used to illuminate the area. Until recently, they were used precisely to recreate the described concept, but Japanese lanterns are now the distinguishing feature of the entire style. As a result, you can see how many decorative elements decorate laconic stone gardens today.

In most cases, only one light source is used. He is, however, installed on a large stone pedestal – tatigata. The luminous flux is pointing downward. The bridge is another essential feature of the tea garden. If there is a stream or river on the property, it must connect the two banks. If there is no water, the bridge can connect two crevice slopes or simply designate an imaginary obstacle that it can assist in overcoming.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Occasionally, such an object is not intended for walking at all, but rather serves as an expensive decoration. The Yatsuhashi bridge, which is made of stones or wide boards, is very decorative. The details of such structures are frequently laid in a zigzag pattern, making it impossible to walk on them. However, they blend in with the overall style of the garden and are highly valued for their decorative value.

Flowers for the Japanese garden

It’s difficult to imagine the described objects without rhododendrons in bloom. But you don’t have to go overboard with the bright accents. A traditional European flower garden is nothing like a Japanese-style flowerbed. It simply does not exist as a separate element. However, modern designers frequently use a decorative technique to create flower compositions with the image of a swamp, wasteland, mountain slope, or dry stream. At the same time, a group of plants of the same species and variety s planted at random, and when they grow, they will form a colorful carpet.

Japanese Garden Ideas beauty and component

Summary of the topic

A well-designed Japanese-style garden can reveal a lot about its owner to the people of the Land of the Rising Sun. Such objects are simply magnificent corners that can demonstrate an artful combination of light, greenery, water, and stone to Europeans. Many people open the door to the world of knowledge of Eastern culture and philosophy by studying the principles of building such a landscape design.

 

Liudmyla Dunaf

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Liudmyla Dunaf

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