Landscape design

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Perennial with decorative flowers Agapanthus is a lovely herbaceous plant that thrives in both a pot and a flower bed. The unassuming agapanthus, also known as the African lily, is famous for its dense foliage and the delicate, delightfully scented, bright blue flowers on tall peduncles. As an indoor flower, it purifies the air and helps to prevent the spread of colds.

Description and features of the plant

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Agapanthus is frequently planted in flower beds in groups, as a stand-alone plant, or as a companion plant to other flowering perennials. The flower originated in Africa and belongs to the Agapanthaceae family.

Overview characteristics of the flower:

  • A  honey plant that is thermophilic;
  • The vertical height of peduncles: 60 — 100 cm
  • The inflorescences are enormous and spherical, measuring up to 30 cm in diameter.
  • One inflorescence is made up of 16 — 30 buds.
  • Funnel-shaped flowers in blue, blue, white, or purple colors;
  • The flowers range in length from 2.5 to 5-6 cm.

Peduncles sprout from a rich rosette of slender and tall 50 — 60-centimeter dark green leaves. The leaves have the appearance of a Daylily. Agapanthus roots are lengthy, thick, and creeping.

Types of agapanthus with photos

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

The genus Agapanthus contains 9-10 species that are related to onion plants but do not smell like onions. The most popular African species is Albidum, which comes in several varieties: Albidum Anus, Albus, and Viriegata. However, it is most commonly known as early Agapanthus. Then there are the umbrella, oriental, and bell-shaped species, each with its own variations.

Plants are classified into two groups. The peduncles of evergreen Agapanthus are longer, but there are fewer blooms, and the leaves are larger. The leaf is small and narrow in deciduous species (there are only four), and the peduncles are low, but there are more flowers, and these are cold-resistant species.

Bell-shaped Agapanthus (Agapanthus campanulatus)

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

The species is deciduous, with short, up to 15 cm leaves and brilliant purple or blue bell-like flowers. By the end of the summer, it has bloomed. It blooms in winter in indoor conditions with sufficient care. Because it lives on damp river banks and slopes in nature, the plant prefers wetness.

Agapanthus umbellatus (Agapanthus umbellatus)

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

In East Africa, the Abyssinian beauty and good luck sign are known as the Umbrella agapanthus. It looks like Agapanthus Africanus from the outside. The same dark green dense leaves, however, the bush is barely 70-75 cm tall. The name “Umbrella” is derived from an inflorescence that resembles an umbrella. Petals of funnel-shaped flowers, pale or dark blue, 3-3.5 cm in diameter.

The “Umbrella” blooms in late June or early July and continues to bloom until September. Agapanthus Blue is another plant in the same family. Umbrella agapanthus demands an open area in height and width to flourish in an apartment.

Eastern Agapanthus (Agapanthus orientalis)

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

The evergreen plant stands 100 centimeters tall. The leaves are shorter, and the blossoms are a pale purple color. More than 100 tiny bells make up one inflorescence. In the second half of July, it blooms.

White Agapanthus (White) is a favorite among flower producers because of its spreading rosette of elongated leaves and long peduncles with exquisite white bells. Agapanthus inflorescence balls Blue globes (Blue Globes) are made up of many dark blue flowers. Blue velvet, Blue velvet, has peduncles that are just 100 cm tall. It is planted in flower beds and in pots.

Agapanthus care at home

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

The African lily’s popularity stems from the fact that it is unpretentious and easy to care for. The most important factors are consistent watering, somewhat acidic soil, heat, and sunlight. It also does not need to be transplanted frequently, only once every 1-3 years, because its roots grow swiftly. Then a three-year timeframe is sufficient.

Location and lighting

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Because agapanthus is a light-loving plant, it is ideal for southern, southwestern, and south-eastern window sills that receive 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight every day. If there isn’t enough light, the bloom will expand out and won’t be able to stand on its own. The African lily tolerates direct sunshine well.

Partial shade is undesirable because it causes the blooms to be pale and the bush to extend out. Furthermore, agapanthus dislikes wind gusts with drafts.

Temperature regime and air humidity

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Although Agapanthus is native to hot Africa, it is best to expose it to fresh air throughout the summer, although it is not afraid of heat. Since autumn, the plant has gradually adapted to cooler maintenance circumstances. In the winter, an African lily pot is placed in a bright and cool location where the temperature is kept between 12 and 15 degrees Celsius.

  • Agapanthus treats the humidity of the air neutrally.

Selection of soil and capacity

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Because African lily cannot tolerate cold winters, it is best grown in a pot. Bring it outside in the summer and indoors in the fall. Given that agapanthuses dislike transplants, a larger container – up to 23 cm in diameter – must be chosen right away. Drainage is first laid at the bottom with drainage holes, with a thickness of 2-3 cm, followed by prepared soil.

Soil composition:

  • humus;
  • clay-turf layer;
  • decayed foliage (except walnut);
  • washed sand.

The components for the soil mixture are taken in equal parts.

Watering and spraying

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

When agapanthus develops and blooms, it requires constant watering to ensure that the soil in the pot never dries out, or the bush will not blossom. If the buds have already formed and the plant does not receive water, they will fall off. It is also impossible to allow excess moisture to accumulate, as this will cause the roots to rot.

It is best to water in the morning so that there are no damp drops on the leaves at night, which can cause gray mold to appear. Watering at the root and with rainwater is ideal. If it is piped, it must be defended for at least 2-3 days.

In the winter, agapanthus is watered seldom, just to moisten the soil; the important thing is that the roots do not dry up. With the arrival of spring, an African lily pot is placed in a sunny location, and they begin to water profusely. Watering is gradually reduced in autumn as the temperature drops.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Starting in April and continuing until mid-October, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers are required. Use a liquid-concentrated organic fertilizer to fertilize. It is permitted to replace it with nitrogen-containing artificial fertilizer until the summer. Phosphorus-potassium fertilizers will be required after the plant begins to blossom.

Flower producers advise against overfeeding the African lily, thus the suggested doses are lowered by two and must be applied only during watering.

Flowering and dormancy period

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Indoor agapanthuses blossom in conditions of adequate and consistent irrigation, with no moisture stagnation. The development of vigorous peduncles 60-100 cm long, with some stretching higher, indicates the start of flowering. After a while, enormous inflorescences with diameters ranging from 25 to 40 cm grow at the ends of the pipes. Each bouquet contains hundreds of future flowers.

Flowers of agapanthus are funnel-shaped and grow on independent stems. The corollas open gradually rather than all at once. Some are in blossom, while others are getting ready to bloom. It turns out that the plant blooms all season long. The most important thing at this point is to avoid leaving agapanthus in heavy rain.

African lilies are heat-loving crops that do not survive the winter in the open ground, therefore growing them in pots is more profitable. Take it outside in the summer, just like early flowering plants. Put it in a greenhouse or a winter garden in autumn, when the temperature is kept at least 5 degrees Celsius but no higher than 18.

Agapanthus planting and care in the open ground

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

The African lily is planted, and the holes are drilled at least 50 cm apart and up to 30 cm deep due to the brilliance of the leaf. They are half-covered in fertile soil, with at least 15 cm remaining for the roots. Compost and river sand are mixed into the garden soil to fill the holes.

Planting is permitted after the end of spring frosts, when the viburnum blossoms, to prevent the plant from freezing. The bushes are planted in wells that have been prepared so that the rhizome is 4-6 cm below ground level. The pointed roots’ tips are pointing upwards. Agapanthuses insulate in October, when temperatures drop to 10 degrees Celsius, assuming the winters in the region are mild. A box is placed over them, then sawdust, sand, or fallen leaves are dumped on top.

If the frosts are severe in the winter, the root is dug out and placed in a box or in a box with a lump of earth. They spend the winter in the basement or a cool area. The plants are set in position in the spring.

Methods of reproduction

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Seeds and rhizome division are used to propagate Agapanthus. The seed sowing season for growing seedlings is March, in boxes with greenery and sand. It is permissible to substitute garden soil for the leaves. Glass is placed on top of the box before seedlings sprout, and it is removed daily for 30 minutes. Small seedlings are planted in pots in four sections.

During the spring planting of plants in flower beds, medium-sized roots are separated from the mother rhizome. Small roots will not produce flowering plants if they are cut out. The pieces are separated and placed in pots to take root.

Diseases and pests, methods of control

Agapanthus –descriptions of varieties with photos, planting rules

Excessive waterlogging has the potential to rot the roots. The yellowing of the leaves is the warning indication. Treatment consists of removing sick regions, treating them with fungicides, and immediately transplanting them.

Of the pests, agapanthus is attacked:

  • spider mite;
  • thrips;
  • mealybug;
  • aphids;
  • shield.

Dots, spots, cobwebs, and cotton wool-like lumps emerge on the leaves. The leaves are removed by wiping them with a napkin soaked in alcohol or a soap solution. Following that, insecticides are employed.

Agapanthus are hardy plants that are not difficult to cultivate. The key thing is to water without overwatering, to have plenty of sun in the spring and summer, and to spend the winter in a cold room. The African lily will express its gratitude with hats of exquisite blue-blue spherical inflorescences.


Liudmyla Dunaf

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