The best Bauhaus style there was a Bauhaus Higher School of Construction and Artistic Design in Weimar, Germany, from 1919 to 1933, and afterward in Dessau. Its teachers and students advocated for new ways to create, while architect Walter Gropius offered a new architectural orientation. Bauhaus interior design has become one of the school’s developments, along with other disciplines of design ranging from architecture to furniture and apparel.
The best Bauhaus style has characteristics of minimalism and late modernism. However, unlike popular minimalism, the Bauhaus emphasizes full utility. And, in comparison to the current, the German style is more reasonable; it has less aestheticism. The world has been simplified. The idea of style involves convenience and pragmatism, utility in everyday life, and, most importantly, accessibility from every feature of the interior and from every item of furniture.
The rapid expansion of industry, combined with German pedantry, could only lead to success. Architects were able to improve the design and architectural techniques, as well as make industrial goods more convenient, elegant, and affordable.
The style began to emerge fast in Palestine in the 1930s, where Jewish architects wisely emigrated. There are still city blocks in Tel Aviv designed according to the canons of the style; they are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. German architects also visited the USSR, and their designs were used to build quarters in Sverdlovsk, Solikamsk, and Perm.
The Bauhaus school existed for 14 years, but its impact can still be seen today. Its innovations are still employed in industrial design and modern architecture. Its impact can be seen in Scandinavian interior design, and the Bauhaus aesthetic can be found in IKEA and Apple products. The pioneers of the international style clearly demonstrated the path to success: to attain perfection and get rid of everything superfluous, leaving only the essence of things.
The best Bauhaus style will appeal to those who prefer this space to be subjected to logic and calculation. There are no unnecessary artifacts, unusual color solutions, or magnificent decorative components in the room, which is furnished according to style canons. The following design elements stand out:
The Bauhaus is known for its monochrome, non—irritating color scheme. The base color palette consists of white, black, beige, and gray. Bright shades of green, red, and yellow are used for selective accentuation, with the purity of the color reminiscent of the plastic popular in the 1930s. A painting, a collection of pillows on the sofa, a chair, or a kitchen apron can all serve as accents.
The German interior is described as light. Large windows handle the role of lighting during the day. Lights, chandeliers, and spotlights are linked in the nighttime. Because the area is separated into zones, the lighting is similarly zoned, particularly in the living room and kitchen. In addition to basic illumination,
local and decorative lighting is given in the rooms, highlighting not just distinct zones, but also objects. Metal lighting components with a simple geometric design are used. The central chandelier, floor lamp, and wall sconces may be decorated with glass or plastic.
The Bauhaus decor does not shy away from using natural and technical materials of diverse textures and price ranges. Wood, metal, glass, and plastic are preferred (and other artificial materials). Leather is frequently used in furniture ornamentation, although natural stone and brick are uncommon.
The German style, based on practicality and accessibility principles, is one of the simplest to adopt in modern conditions; the essential materials can be purchased in any network construction market. The Bauhaus canons provide the following pre-packaged solutions:
For walls and ceilings, light plaster is ideal. You can paint or expand the ceiling, and choose light wallpaper with a geometric pattern for the walls.
Floral designs and bright colors will be improper and will detract from the image.
Pieces of furniture are selected in the interior under the slogan: reliable, functional, affordable. It is forbidden to overload the space with furniture; furnishing is carried out according to the following principles:
The kitchen receives special care. Cabinets have flat monotone surfaces and always have their shelves closed. Metal, acrylic, and polished concrete are common tabletop materials; wood is less practical and hence used less frequently. Metal frames and leather seats make very stylish chairs.
Glass and plastic. These materials are used to make coffee and dining tables. The counters are frequently spherical in shape, which adds a nice touch of variety to the interior.
Transformers. A functional wardrobe on roller wheels, suitable for leased apartments, once made a splash. Nowadays, a group of enormous tables that fold one under the other, or a sliding coffee table, will suffice.
Competent, brilliant lighting is more than just a decorative element in any Bauhaus interior. The more light there is, the larger the space becomes. Accents are put in, and the light highlights the important regions.
The lamps were supposed to be used to beautify the room. Their design incorporated simple shapes and unique duets. The most well-known example is the use of chrome—plated metal and frosted glass in the iconic table lamp designed by William Wagenfeld and Carl Jacob Eucker.
Marianne Brandt’s lamp is no less famous – a little metal model with a design similar to modern variants.
The glow temperature is more industrial and chilly. The brightness is extremely high.
The style, which recently celebrated its centennial, remains aesthetically pleasing in the eyes of connoisseurs. Its decor is not considered decor, but rather a studied geometry of space and sensibly chosen furniture. The Bauhaus style, which combines minimalism and functionality, allows for the following ornamental elements:
The best Bauhaus style represents a genuine challenge to our consumer society. Its century-old life demonstrates that order is more vital than chaos and that a simple form is attractive in and of itself. However, in today’s globalized world, modifications in German design have occurred. People are increasingly infused with ideals of eclecticism, and a trinket brought from a distant trip appears on a shelf or coffee table.
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